Wind provided 16% of EU electricity in 2020, despite COVID delays
Wind energy provided 16.4% of EU and UK power in 2020, bringing the industry closer to its objective of producing 50% of the bloc’s total electricity by 2050. But permitting issues, lockdowns and changing regulations threaten to slow down further deployment, the industry warns.
Denmark saw almost half of its electricity provided by wind in 2020, while Ireland saw 40% and Germany and the UK each had 27%.
But even though 14.7 GW came online in 2020, last year saw a drop in installations, including a 22% fall in onshore wind as delays in the supply chain and lockdowns hampered progress.
The Netherlands installed the most wind capacity, with Germany coming in second. There are also new movers, like Poland, which saw significant growth from 53 MW in 2019 as most of the 1 GW auctioned in 2018 came online. Russia was also among the rising stars, with 0.8 GW commissioned.
“This year there was much more diversification than in previous years. You see some newer faces in the top five,” said Ivan Komusanac, an analyst at trade association WindEurope.
There is currently around 220 GW of wind capacity in Europe, with Germany far out in front. New players include Sweden and Turkey, which are beginning to build up fleets, and Poland, which is expected to increase its capacity in the latter half of the decade